The Arab media lab project is launching a new project
يطلق مشروع “المختبر العربي لفنون الميديا” برنامج
“الاستشراق في الصور المتحركة”
يمكن أن يعني الاستشراق عدة معانٍ ، ولكن من أجل هذا المشروع ، سيتم تعريف الاستشراق على أنه تمثيل للشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا بطريقة نمطية. ينتج عن هذا المبالغة في الاختلافات بين ما يسمى “الشرقيين” والمجتمعات الغربية ، مما يؤدي إلى نمط تفكير “الذات مقابل الآخر”.
أُعطي مصطلح الاستشراق معنى جديدًا من قبل إدوارد سعيد في كتابه الاستشراق (1978) وأصبح موضوعًا مهمًا للنقاش في الأوساط الأكاديمية منذ ذلك الحين.
بعبارة أخرى ، فإن ما يراه الأمريكيون والأوروبيون على التلفزيون أو يقرؤونه في الصحف يؤثر على تقريبهم من “الآخر” عندما يبدأون في إساءة فهم ثقافتهم ويحولونهم إلى غير بشر ، وعنيفين ، ومخادمين للحرب. يعبر الغربيون عن وجهة نظرهم حول الشرق اعتمادًا على جوانب حياتهم حيث يرون أنفسهم بشرًا “مثاليين”.
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FILMS ALREADY STREAMED
Visual lecture on ARAB STEROTYPES IN WESTERN MEDIA (Hollywood as an example), 1h30, By Abdelaziz Taleb | Kyiv Biennial 2019
Produced by The Arab Media Lab project
How many times, whenever watching a film or television series are there Arab characters that incarnate villains, terrorists, and religious fanatical or petrodollar sheiks? These stereotyped views, lacking objectivity and critical reasoning constitute the analysis material and will be used to reflect during this season.
Curated by Arab Media lab project, the programme will start with the debate “Arab Stereotypes in Western Media” with Abdelaziz Taleb who will talk about the origins of this phenomenon and on how those negative stereotypes of Arab people are developed in Western media.
ORIENTALISM EXPLAINED, By TRT WORLD | 3mn30 | 2019
Orientalism, a term first brought to prominence by Edward Said, is about how Europeans and Americans constructed self-serving images of the Orient. It works to weave a story that the West is bringing civilisation and grace to the rest of the world. More than 40 years later, Said’s analysis is still relevant across politics, art, music, movies, religion and culture.
EDWARD SAID ON ORIENTALISM, By SUT JHALLY | 40mn | 1988
Edward Said’s book ORIENTALISM has been profoundly influential in a diverse range of disciplines since its publication in 1978.
In this engaging (and lavishly illustrated) interview he talks about the context within which the book was conceived, its main themes and how its original thesis relates to the contemporary understanding of “the Orient.”
Said argues that the Western (especially American) understanding of the Middle East as a place full of villains and terrorists ruled by Islamic fundamentalism produces a deeply distorted image of the diversity and complexity of millions of Arab peoples.
REEL BAD ARABS: HOW HOLLYWOOD VILIFIES A PEOPLE, By SUT JHALLY | 50mn | 2006
This groundbreaking documentary dissects a slanderous aspect of cinematic history that has run virtually unchallenged form the earliest days of silent film to today’s biggest Hollywood blockbusters. Featuring acclaimed author Dr. Jack Shaheen, the film explores a long line of degrading images of Arabs from Bedouin bandits and submissive maidens to sinister sheikhs and gun-wielding “terrorists”–along the way offering devastating insights into the origin of these stereotypic images, their development at key points in US history, and why they matter so much today.
Shaheen shows how the persistence of these images over time has served to naturalize prejudicial attitudes toward Arabs and Arab culture, in the process reinforcing a narrow view of individual Arabs and the effects of specific US domestic and international policies on their lives.
By inspiring critical thinking about the social, political, and basic human consequences of leaving these Hollywood caricatures unexamined, the film challenges viewers to recognize the urgent need for counter-narratives that do justice to the diversity and humanity of Arab people and the reality and richness of Arab history and culture.
SILENT FILM, BIG WORDS, By ABDELAZIZ TALEB & ABDELLATIF BENFAIDOUL | 23mn | 2011
Silent film already started a stereotype creation process on Arabs, developing a reluctant subject matter: brutal Arabs, thirsty for power and defeated by westerners. Featuring films from : Hal Roach, Thomas Edison, George Melies, George Melford, George Fitzmaurice….etc
This documentary has been premiered at
The Documenta-Madrid festival in 2011.
PLANET OF THE ARABS, By JACKIE SALLOUM | 10mn | 2005
Planet of the Arabs is an experimental short on Hollywood’s negative depiction of Arabs and Muslims through the decades. Inspired by Dr. Jack Shaheen’s book “Reel Bad Arabs”, Planet was an official selection at the Sundance Film Festival, won the “Best Editing” award at the Cinematexas Film Festival and continues to be shown in art exhibitions and used in classrooms as an educational tool on stereotypes in the media.
From the book REEL BAD ARABS:
Out of 1000 films that have Arab & Muslim characters (from the year 1896 to 2000) 12 were positive depictions 52 were even handed
90O and so were negative.
Introduction to the end of an argument, (Muqaddimah Li-Nihayat Jidal), By Jayce Salloum & Elia Suleiman | 42mn | 1990
With a combination of Hollywood, European and Israeli film, documentary, news coverage and excerpts of ‘live’ footage shot in the West Bank and Gaza strip, Introduction to the end of an argument… critiques representation of the Middle East, Arab culture, and the Palestinian people produced by the West.
The tape mimics the dominant media’s forms of representation, subverting its methodology and construction. A process of displacement and deconstruction is enacted attempting to arrest the imagery and ideology, decolonizing and recontextualizing it to provide a space for a marginalized voice consistently denied expression in the media.
CHARLIE, By TONI SERRA (Abu Ali) | 25mn | 2000
“Welcome to tanger is like your home….mucho gusto mucha alegria y nada mas…por qué no?…
If you go toTanger look, look for Charlie you will be in a good hands, en buenas manos..he will help you around…comprendes amigo?”
SEFFAR, FES THE INNER CITY, By TONI SERRA (Abu Ali) | 14mn | 2004
Silences and wind in the olive trees, contemplation, labyrinths and dreams.
Abdelfettah Seffar, a craftsman who lived in London for years and decided to return, talks about Fez, a veiled city, and reflects of the West and its conflicts.